A lesser known mountain range of Himalayas. Shivaliks run 2400 kms- almost parallel to greater Himalayas with width of 10-50 kms and it is most youngest formation of Himalayas.
From Indus to Brahamputra – elevation varies from 1500- 2000m. Arguably highest point would be considered CHURDHAR PEAK 3647m near Solan in Himachal Pradesh.
Shivaliks receives very less rainfall thus most of the mountain range is bushy, seasonal agriculture and major source of fruticulture of North India.Most of pear, peach, plum, citrus, mango, raisin grapes.
Shivaliks shot into fame when prehistoric fossils were recovered in a village in Distt. Sirmaur of Himachal Pradesh. Government constructed a museum where plethora of skeletal remains of different groups of skulls and limbs of mammals, skulls of hippopotamuses, tortoises, gharials andcrocodiles, tusks of 22 species of elephants, rocks and charts and paintings related to the several aspects of plants and animals life of the past and present. The stone items on display belong to the Early Palaeolithic Man. Also preserved in the museum are fossils of two genera of extinct primates, Sivapithecus and Ramapithecus.The museum also houses antiquities unearthed by Captain Cautley in the area, from which he dug out the remains of Asia’s oldest human ancestor.
A shot look at slopes and cuts of mountain clearly shows huge sedimentation which is marked by presence of mud and rounded stones with clear markings of water flow thus establishing that once this whole region was under water. Scientists believe it took millions of years for rivers to cut down and form present bed of valleys.